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BBA: Grading Scales & Distribution

 

Grading System

Grades are recorded by letter, but grade points are used to compute averages. Letter grades and the corresponding number of grade points for each hour of semester credit are as follows: 

  • A+ = 4.400
  • A = 4.000
  • A- = 3.700
  • B+ = 3.400
  • B = 3.000
  • B- = 2.700
  • C+ = 2.400
  • C = 2.000
  • C- = 1.700
  • D+ = 1.400
  • D = 1.000
  • D- = 0.700
  • E = 0.000
  • F, NR, X, I, Y = 0.000
  • A notation of P, F, CR, NC, S, U, Y, ##, or a missing grade does not affect a student’s term or cumulative grade point average.
  • No credit toward satisfaction of degree requirements is granted for courses in which grades of E, ED, F, I, Y, X and NR are received. Courses elected under the pass/fail, credit/no-credit and satisfactory/unsatisfactory policies are not considered in computing grade point averages.

Course Grading Distribution

The Dean’s Office and Faculty have set the following guidelines for grades issued in our undergraduate business classes.

Current BBA students earn credit toward degree requirements with any grade of D- or higher while in the Ross School of Business, although lower grades may cause the GPA to fall below satisfactory levels.  This includes business and non-business courses, as long as the courses are not restricted from credit by other policies. 

  • A grade of “E” carries no credit; the course must be repeated only if it is a required course.
  • All BBA core classes grades are to be distributed as: <40% A- or above; <80% B or above; >20% B-or below.
  • In BBA elective classes grades are to be distributed as: <60% A- or above; < 90% B or above; >10% B- or below.

These grading guidelines are subject to review and change by the Dean’s Office and Faculty.

Incompletes and Special Grades

  • I = Incomplete: An incomplete should be assigned when a particular student has not completed all necessary course work by the appropriate deadline set for the entire class, and the quality of the work actually completed is at least of C- quality or better. This includes instances when a faculty member may approve delaying a final project or paper, or when an instructor may allow a later final exam. This also includes instances where the student provides documentation (medical or other) of the reason for the incomplete. The “I” grade simply denotes that the course was finished later than the normal class deadline. In all instances, once the work is complete and evaluated, the “I” will remain on the student’s record with the final grade appended (ex. “IC”). A notation of “I” is calculated in academic honors as a failing grade. Grades of “I” must be resolved and corrected within four weeks following the last day of classes of the term in which they were earned. If the grades are not corrected within this period, they automatically are lapsed to failures (ILE). These failing grades will stand unless the instructor allows the student to complete all requirements at a later time.
  • NR = No Grade Reported: NR should be assigned when one of the following scenarios occur:
    • Student never attended class
    • Pending Community Values Committee (CVC) investigation
    • A notation of “NR” is calculated in academic honors as a failing grade. If not replaced by a passing grade, the “NR” will also lapse to “ED” (fail) four weeks after the end of the term.
  • Y = Extended Course: Y should be for a course approved to extend beyond one term. This code is rarely applicable. Contact rossacadservices@umich.edu for more information. A notation of “Y” will lapse to “ED” one year after the end of the term, at which point it will be computed into academic standing as a failing grade.
  • NG or ## = No Grade Reported: An NG or double pound is assigned by the Office of the Registrar when a change is made after the grade roster has been created (the student enrolls, or changes the credit hours or a grading basis on an enrolled course). A notation of “NG,” “##,” or a missing grade will lapse to “ED” one year after the end of the term, at which point it will be computed into academic standing as a failing grade.